As long as an industry is called a professional league, then it can almost be concluded that the industry is healthy development. However, many industries known as intangible cultural heritage do not have professional leagues, which is so sad and inevitable! It has been 40 years since China's market economy was defined. In these 40 years, China's economy has developed rapidly, especially the light industry manufacturing, commodity economy, trade and domestic sales. With the highly developed material civilization, people begin to ask, what form should our supporting spiritual civilization be? Therefore, the withdrawal of the military arts troupe gave the Chinese prophets an attitude that literature and art would certainly be commercialized, marketized and commercialized.
The prophet is the least one in every human group. They are often made up of elitists. These people believe in themselves and that their understanding and judgment are wise and cultural. Therefore, these people lead the times and all aspects of the world.
In the past, literature and art completely served the government, so the literary and art circles were the penholder of the government. Many achievements in the construction of spiritual civilization were developed by the literary and art circles, such as "Dongfanghong" and "outwit the mighty Tiger Mountain". Now the government has decided to further reform and opening up, so the reform has entered the deep water area and the field of spiritual civilization. The reform of the literary and art circles has also entered the competitive stage of market economy.
Exploration 1. The so-called self financing in the reform of the company system of literary and art organizations
In fact, the reform of literary and art groups began very early. For example, the Oriental Song and dance troupe is a state-owned company. Wang Kun, Li Guyi, Zhu Mingying and Li Lianyu, who were famous in the past, were all members of the Oriental Song and dance troupe. However, after the enterprise reform, the so-called self financing, they not only failed to make profits, but also suffered a lot of corruption. Up to now, they have no place of origin.
Exploration 2. Large scale literary and art events
From the early 1980s to the 1980s, the CCTV young singers Grand Prix was the most eye-catching event in the literary and art circles. When it came to the time to prepare for the youth singers Grand Prix, the judges' family members came in an endless stream, which fully demonstrated the sophistication and etiquette of the Chinese people. I didn't know this kind of seemingly fair and non-commercial behavior Scandals are frequent.
Third, the rise of mainland film and television
As we all know, a movie star is far more famous than a singing star. If anyone in the art world can take the lead, almost everyone will say that he is a star, and everyone knows that he must be a movie star. However, in the past hundred or thousand years, the reputation of singers and poets is the highest, and poetry can also be regarded as a song, and is becoming "poetry". The best marketization effect of Beijing literature and art groups must be the actors, who seem to have the reason to feel that they are inevitable, and have become the most eye-catching audience in the literary and art circles. They are in the TV, in the cinema, and even half of the writers and artists of the gala have to invite them. I don't know when this is a conventional rule. There is a film and television actor named Hao Lei. She once publicly accused the actors of having no bottom line in TV programs. She would go to fight for jobs with the singers if she could sing a few songs. It's better to study how to make movies. It's not exaggerating what Hao Lei said.
The era of record company is defeated by free download
In the early 1990s, the great development of private record companies became a symbol of the prosperity of pop music, and traditional music such as national vocal music, Western opera and local opera benefited from it. From the reform and opening up to the end of the 1990s, the singing industry was prosperous, but this prosperity was very fragile. However, Baidu's free music download chain is broken. Looking back from a professional point of view, the prosperity of the music industry at that time was very fragile.
1. The attitude of copyright legislation and enforcement is ambiguous.
2. The music industry has not established an effective professional league and a commercial music industry, that is to say, the output value is too small to be abandoned directly.
3. In the music industry, there is not a big man with prestige who has gathered his strength to fight, while the influential big man has nothing to do with himself.
Exploration 5. Gao Xiaosong is the most popular figure in the literary and art circles, but he is a tiger in the head and a snake in the tail
Gao Xiaosong, as a pop music star, has been the number one online celebrity for many years, and his chatting thinking is admired by young people. However, he has been commenting on many aspects of the literary and art circles for a long time, and his work on Ali music has disappointed many people in the industry. It is possible to promote the development and reform of the whole literary and art circles by virtue of the ability of Internet Celebrities, but there is still some distance between the height and depth of their thinking and raising the banner.
Explore six, Yu Junjian out of the mountain, how to use one person's power to pry the whole literary and art circles
As early as ten years ago, Yu Junjian was leading the wind. For example, he was angry with Wang Xiaopin about the proportion of elite culture and grass-roots culture. For example, he bombarded the corruption of the China Book Association, and last year's dark curtain event of the Golden Bell Award. Yu Junjian was just like a mirror to the unhealthy trend. Yu Junjian is a famous singer, poet, calligrapher and painter, and director. He is the only great artist in China who has made achievements in these four fields. After retiring from the position of director of the performance center of the China Federation of literary and art circles in recent years, he has made new moves. Who can't sleep this time?
As I said before, the most prestigious people in the literary and artistic circles for thousands of years are only poets, who are both singers and poets, and who have been through the 5000 year history of Chinese civilization. Since the 1950s, many famous singers such as Guo Lanying, Guo song, Li Shuangjiang and Li Guyi have appeared one after another, and a hundred schools of thought contend with each other, which is also a good continuation of the most dazzling light of singing. However, in the 1980s, as western singing became Bel Canto and popular singing became popular, Chinese traditional singing was very embarrassed. It seemed that it was neither beautiful nor popular nor national. It completely became an accessory of foreign singing schools. However, in 2020, Yu Junjian was shocked to announce his research achievements in recent years to the literary and art circles
1. National singing is determined by language, bel canto has no jqxzcs. 2. There are training standards for the practice of national singing, which can be divided into opening voice, sliding voice, shouting voice and lifting voice.
3. The mouth of national vocal music is opened in the pharyngeal cavity, and the line of speech is to be sung on the pharyngeal wall.
4. Pronunciation is to return to rhyme, dialect is the soul of national singing.
5. The origin of Chinese national vocal music is folk, from speaking to singing.
6. The national singing method is with the cavity, the ending can glide out the flavor.
7. National singing is to express the beauty of charm as the core.
8. The establishment of a singing style requires training standards and judgment standards.
9. The beauty of Western singing is systematic, while the beauty of national singing is linear.
10. The beauty of Western singing is equivalent to ballet and oil painting.
11. It is not the same thing that the East and the West are different in aesthetics.
12. It's 100 percent right to open your throat, but it's not the only one.
To tell you the truth, this is a major event. China's literary and art system is a standard western system, learning from the Soviet Union. Therefore, all aspects of the literary and art circles have the rules of the Soviet Union. Yu Junjian's return to the field of vocal music not only brought his thoughts (Yu Junjian quit the professional singing world in 2003), but also published many theoretical works on national vocal music, which laid an academic foundation for the internationalization of vocal music, a gorgeous flower in the field of literature and art, and provided a theoretical basis for China's vocal music to go to the world. China's vocal music industry will move from blind study of Western adolescence to adulthood, and truly enter the academic era of Chinese national vocal music.
I use the above examples to illustrate the psychological process of many industries in the literary and art circles, which can be described as miserable. This is because the development of our literature and art is still in adolescence, that is, the primary stage of marketization. Literature and art have not entered the late stage of commodity economy like economic development. They are in the stage of primary market economy. Therefore, the government will push the last group of literature and art groups to the market with great foresight. Marginalization is accidental, and it will be inevitable if it does not work hard. The road of commercialization, commercialization and marketization of Chinese national vocal music must be taken, and it will not be an individual industry phenomenon. It will be a survival and development problem faced by many industries in the literary and art circles. Therefore, the future of literary and art workers has a long way to go, and they need to prepare for commercial activities as soon as possible in combination with their own industry characteristics, so as to meet the challenges of tomorrow.